Prague, A city of a hundred spires
The city’s huge number of towers led to the city being called ‘the city of a hundred spires’ several centuries ago.
At present there are around 500 towers in the city. Prague is the capital of the Czech Republic. It has an area of 496 square miles and is home to 1.2 million people. The year 870, when Prague castle was established, it was regarded as the beginning of the city’s existence. In 1918, at the end of World War I, Prague was declared the capital of a new country – the Czechoslovak Republic. In 1993 it became the capital of an independent Czech Republic.
- The Prague Castle: The national cultural monument, the symbol of more than millennial development of the Czech state. Originally it used to be the residence of princes and kings of Bohemia, since 1918 it is the seat of the president.
- Charles Bridge: The oldest Prague bridge built in the place of the Judita’s Bridge that had been badly damaged by a flood in 1342. The Stone or Prague Bridge since 1870 called Charles Bridge, was founded by Charles IV in the year 1357. The bridge is 515 meters long and 10 meters wide.
- Old Town Hall with the Astronomical Clock: Established 1338 as the seat of the Old Town authorities. In the top part of the astronomical clock the 12 apostles appear every hour between 9 am. and 9 pm.
- Wenceslas Square: Majestic Wenceslas Square was created when the New Town was formed by Charles IV in 1348. In 1890 the huge building of the National Museum was added at the top of the square, the dominant feature over a century later. In 1913 the statue of St Wenceslas on his steed was added just below the museum.
- Prague Jewish Quarter & Old-New Synagogue: The Jewish Quarter, known as Josefov, is located between the Old Town Square and the Vltava River. The Old-New Synagogue is the oldest surviving synagogue in central Europe and the oldest working synagogue in the world. Apart from a few short years during the Nazi occupation (1942-45), it has been hosting services uninterrupted since the late13th century.